Commissioned Reviews: 250 Psychological Tests
Psychology is the scientific study of human behavior and mental processes. It is a vast field that encompasses many sub-disciplines and areas of research. One of the critical components of psychology is psychological testing. Psychological tests are instruments used to assess the cognitive, emotional, and behavioral functioning of individuals. They are used in various fields, including clinical, educational, and occupational settings to diagnose disorders, assess mental health, and measure psychological characteristics.
The importance of psychological testing is undeniable. It provides valuable information that can help professionals make appropriate decisions about individuals' needs and treatment plans. However, the effectiveness of psychological testing depends on the quality of the tests used. To ensure high-quality psychological tests, organizations commission reviews of various tests. In this article, we will analyze and evaluate 250 psychological tests that have been commissioned for review.
To conduct the review, we searched for published and unpublished sources, including peer-reviewed articles, books, and reports. We used keywords such as "psychological tests," "testing instruments," "psychometric properties," and "reliability" to search for relevant materials. We also consulted experts in the field of psychology to identify additional sources.
The review focused on 250 psychological tests from various fields, including clinical psychology, educational psychology, industrial-organizational psychology, and neuropsychology. The tests were evaluated based on their purpose, methodology, and reliability. The findings were recorded in a table for easy reference and analysis.
Here we will discuss ten psychological tests that were included in the review. The tests were chosen based on their popularity, relevance, and contribution to the field of psychology.
1. Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory – 2 (MMPI-2)
The MMPI-2 is a widely used personality test that assesses psychopathology and abnormal personality traits. It is used in clinical settings to diagnose and assess personality disorders. The test consists of 567 items that are answered with either true or false. It has several validity scales that help identify response biases and exaggeration. The test is highly reliable, and research shows that it has good internal consistency and test-retest reliability.
2. California Psychological Inventory (CPI)
The CPI is a personality test that is used in the assessment of normal personality traits. It measures traits such as sociability, dominance, and self-control. The test consists of 434 items that are answered on a five-point scale. The test has good reliability, and research suggests that it has good validity in predicting job performance.
3. Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)
The BDI is a self-report questionnaire that measures the severity of depression symptoms. It consists of 21 items that assess symptoms such as sadness, guilt, and loss of interest. The BDI is widely used in clinical settings to diagnose and monitor depression. It has good internal consistency, and research shows that it has high test-retest reliability.
4. Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children – Fifth Edition (WISC-V)
The WISC-V is an IQ test that is designed for children aged 6 to 16 years. It measures various cognitive abilities such as verbal comprehension, perceptual reasoning, working memory, and processing speed. The test consists of 16 subtests and provides a total score. The WISC-V is highly reliable, and research shows that it has good construct validity.
5. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)
The MBTI is a personality test that assesses individual differences in how people perceive, make decisions, and interact with the world. It is widely used in career counseling, team building, and leadership development. The test consists of 93 questions that are answered on a four-point scale. The MBTI has mixed reliability, and research shows that it has limited construct validity.
6. Stanford Achievement Test (SAT)
The SAT is a standardized test that assesses academic achievement in various subjects such as reading, math, and science. It is used in educational settings to evaluate students' performance. The test consists of multiple-choice questions and is administered in a timed setting. The SAT has high reliability, and research suggests that it has good predictive validity for academic achievement.
7. Rorschach Inkblot Test
The Rorschach Inkblot Test is a projective personality test that assesses individual differences in perception and cognitive processing. It consists of ten inkblots that are presented to the participant, who is then asked to describe what he or she sees in each inkblot. The test has mixed reliability, and research shows that it has limited validity and clinical utility.
8. Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy – General (FACT-G)
The FACT-G is a quality of life questionnaire that measures cancer patients' physical, emotional, social, and functional well-being. It consists of 27 items that are answered on a five-point scale. The test is widely used in clinical research and practice to assess the effectiveness of cancer treatments. The FACT-G has good internal consistency, and research suggests that it has good validity and sensitivity to treatment changes.
9. Millon's Clinical Multiaxial Inventory – III (MCMI-III)
The MCMI-III is a personality test that assesses pathological personality traits. It is widely used in clinical settings to diagnose personality disorders and assess psychopathy. The test consists of 175 true-false items and has validity scales that help detect response bias and inconsistency. The MCMI-III has good internal consistency and test-retest reliability, and research suggests that it has good validity in diagnosing personality disorders.
10. Neuropsychological Assessment Battery (NAB)
The NAB is a neuropsychological test battery that assesses various cognitive domains such as attention, memory, and language. It is used in clinical settings to diagnose and assess the severity of cognitive impairment. The test consists of 33 subtests and provides an overall score. The NAB has high reliability and validity, and research shows that it has good clinical utility.
In summary, psychological testing plays a crucial role in various fields, including clinical, educational, and occupational settings. To ensure the effectiveness of psychological tests, organizations commission reviews of various tests. In this article, we analyzed and evaluated 250 psychological tests based on their purpose, methodology, and reliability. Our findings suggest that some tests have good reliability and validity, while others have mixed results. It is important to consider the quality of the tests when making critical decisions about individuals' needs and treatment plans.
American Psychological Association. (2019). Psychological testing. Retrieved from https://www.apa.org/topics/testing/index
Cohen, R. J., & Swerdlik, M. E. (2018). Psychological testing and assessment: An introduction to tests and measurement (9th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.
Groth-Marnat, G. (2009). Handbook of psychological assessment (5th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Schuerger, J. M., & Witt, J. C. (2019). Introduction to the special issue: Meta-analytic investigations of psychological tests. Psychological Assessment, 31(12), 1359–1363. https://doi.org/10.1037/pas0000793.